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Human Rights Violations

Human rights violations by Russians in Chechnya

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I. GENERAL VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS

1. Bombardment and shelling of civilian targets

1.1 Bombardment of residential communities
1.2 Bombardment of hospitals
1.3 Bombardment of markets (bazaars)

2. Bombardment and shelling of refugees

2.1 Treks
2.2 Camps

3. Deployment of internationally proscribed weapons

3.1 Aerosol bombs
3.2 Vacuum bombs
3.3 Splinter bombs
3.4 Anti-personnel mines
3.5 Rotary fire
3.6 Chemical weapons (nerve gas, defoliation agents)

4. Creation of concentration camps and torture centres

4.1 Filtration camps
4.2 Army bases
4.3 Police stations
4.4 Sentry units

5. Purges

5.1 Farmsteads
5.2 Villages

6. Targeted destruction of cultural monuments

6.1 Early medieval towers
6.2 Historical graveyards
6.3 Libraries
6.4 Museums
6.5 Collections
6.6 Mosques and churches

II. INDIVIDUAL VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS

1. Arbitrary arrests and abductions

2. Use of torture

2.1 Beatings
2.2 Electrical shocks
2.3 Mutilation
2.4 Burning with cigarettes and irons
2.5 Tying up
2.6 Sterilisation of women by benzene exposure

3. Rape

3.1 of women
3.2 of men
3.3 of children

4. Killing

4.1 Shooting
4.2 Slow stabbing
4.3 Beating to death
4.4 Suffocation
4.5 Throttling (Budanov)
4.6 Ejection from helicopters

5. Mutilation of corpses

5.1 Scalping
5.2 Amputation of limbs
5.3 Head boiling

6. Hostage-taking

6.1 Trafficking with the living
6.2 Trafficking with the dead